## 5.7 Drawing Free-Body Diagrams

Most physics phenomena require the careful drawing of a free-body diagram, which must only include the external forces acting on the body of interest. If the body is in equilibrium (that is, its internal and external forces are balanced), we can apply Newton’s first law.

## What are the steps in drawing a free body diagram?

Following these three steps, you can draw a free-body diagram of an object:

1. Draw a diagram of what’s going on. Determine the forces acting on the object. Draw the object in isolation with the forces acting on it.

## How do you make a FBD diagram?

We must draw a separate free-body diagram for each object in the problem. To draw a free-body diagram, we must draw the object of interest, all forces acting on that object, and resolve all force vectors into xu2013 and yu2013components.

## Is FN equal to FG on a slope?

It’s important to remember that Fy represents weight and Fx represents forces down the slope; Fn represents normal force and Fg represents gravitational force, and they’re equal and opposite as long as there’s no vertical motion.

## What is a pseudo FBD?

A pseudo force (also known as a fictitious force, inertial force, or d’Alembert force) is an apparent force that acts on all masses whose motion is described by a non-inertial reference frame, such as a rotating reference frame.

## Why do we use free-body diagram?

Free body diagrams are commonly used to determine the loading of individual structural components and to calculate internal forces within a structure. They are used to visualize forces and momentum applied to a body and to calculate reactions in mechanics problems.

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## How do you find tension in a string?

How to Calculate Tension Force Using Tension Formulas

1. Tension can be easily explained in the case of bodies hung from chain, cable, string, and so on.
2. T = W ma.
3. Case (iv) If the body moves up or down at a constant speed, tension
4. T = W.
5. T=m(ga)
6. As tension is a force, its SI unit is newton (N).

## How do you explain a free-body diagram?

A free-body diagram is a sketch of an object of interest with all surrounding objects removed and all forces acting on the body shown; it is an important step in solving mechanics problems because it allows you to visualize all of the forces acting on a single object.

## How do you calculate free-body diagram?

A free body diagram is a simple drawing of an object that shows all of the forces acting on it.

1. Draw a quick sketch of the object.
2. Draw an arrow indicating each force acting on the object.
3. To calculate the net force, add any vectors acting on the same axis (x and y), paying attention to the directions.