2 Point Perspective Drawing: Step by Step Guide for Beginners
If you want to convey spatial representations on paper, you’ll need to master the 2-Point Perspective method of drawing.
Defining Two Point Perspective
The 2pt drawing method is defined by two vanishing points that represent two convergence points and an infinite distance away, and all geometric objects that are arranged perpendicular or parallel to each other will have drawn sides that converge on each vanishing point.
Why Learning 2pt. Perspective is Important
Learning 2 pt perspective is one of the smartest things you can do as an artist because it will allow you to correctly identify and draw the angles formed by the sides of objects, which is a crucial step in your quest to become a better artist.
Step by Step Perspective Instructions
This lesson will teach you how to draw a two-point perspective drawing of a building, which has two vanishing points and will provide you with a solid foundation for drawing more complicated perspective drawings like cityscapes and town centers.
Perspective Color-coded Key
Use this color key to guide you through both of the step-by-step perspective drawing tutorials below. Cool! Here we go… One of my favorite ways to teach 2pt. perspective is to draw a house. It’s a structure that’s more or less familiar to just about everyone, and it contains some really great features for perspective training!
Drawing A House Using 2pt. Perspective
It’s a great exercise to learn how to draw a simple house in proper perspective. We’ll start by drawing a simple box (rectangular solid), then turn it into a house by adding details like a roof, a door, and a walkway!
The first step is to draw your horizon line and two vanishing points. For now, draw the horizon line near the center of your paper. You’ll want to space your vanishing points as far apart as possible, and both points must be drawn on the horizon line.
Next, draw the house’s closest corner, which is nothing more than a vertical line.
Connect the top and bottom ends of your vertical line to the left-hand vanishing point to make the front side of the house.
You’ll need to decide how far back this wall goes; choose a distance and end the side with a vertical line, keeping in mind that all vertical lines in this drawing must be parallel to one another.
The lines on the other side of the house / box are shown in green below. It’s worth noting that I’ve color-coded the entire drawing. Notice how the red lines are drawn to the left-hand vanishing point, the green lines to the right-hand vanishing point, and the black lines are all perfectly vertical and parallel to one another.
Check out the diagram below to see how to draw the top of the box by connecting the remaining top corners to their appropriate vanishing points.
It’s a good idea to clean things up a bit at this point in the drawing, erasing any extra lengths on your lines.
Because a perspective drawing accounts for visual space, things must get smaller as they recede away from the viewer of the drawing. To put it another way, the back half of the box must be smaller than the front half!
Next, intersect the perspective middle of the box with a perfectly vertical line, dividing the box into two halves that are properly compensated in size for your perspective drawing. Get used to the procedure for calculating perspective middles; you’ll be using it a lot!
Now that you’ve found the center of the box, you can add a door, and this box is beginning to resemble a house.
Check out the yellow lines drawn below to see how to calculate the perspective middle before drawing a roof. I’m using the same procedure we used to position the door.
Choose a point on the perspective middle (the tall yellow line) and connect it to each of the top two corners of the right wall (drawn in purple) at this stage of the drawing to determine how tall or how much pitch the roof will have.
The ridge line portion of the roof, which is the highest part of the roof, is simple to construct. Simply connect the point you established in the previous step to the left-hand vanishing point. Note: The next three steps require special attention. Most people fake or guess the angle and positioning for the final line that constructs the roof. However, there is a precise way to draw it.
Even though we can’t see it, you’ll be constructing the house’s back wall, so take your time.
Now divide that wall into two halves, one for each perspective.
The final line should be directed to where the vertical line representing the perspective half (yellow) intersects with the ridgeline (red); simply note the intersection and connect it to the remaining left-hand corner (purple).
Good work! I’m sure you drew some extra lines, so please erase them before continuing.
Finally, by adding a walkway, you can invite some visitors into our house drawing. Keep your cool and don’t just make up your own angles; make sure your lines are drawn to the proper vanishing point.
You can even draw a direction change in the walkway; in fact, my house has a walkway that looks very similar to this one! Notice how I used the other vanishing point to create the direction change?
If your drawing is complete, set a challenge for yourself: can you add windows to the front and side of your house? How can you divide up the space in such a way that they are positioned symmetrically while compensating for perspective? (Hint: use the “x” finding middle technique repeatedly)
Drawing a Bedroom in 2pt Perspective
How about a Two Point Perspective Bedroom? Drawing the House taught you how to draw a building’s exterior, but what about interiors in two point perspective? Let me show you how to draw a simple interior in two point perspective…
The first step is to draw your horizon line and two vanishing points. For now, draw your horizon line near the center of your paper. You’ll want to space your vanishing points as far apart as possible, and both points must be drawn on the horizon line.
Next, draw the farthest corner of the bedroom’s interior, which can be anywhere between the two vanishing points, but we’ll put it near the middle for now. I’ll use black to represent this vertical line.
Connect the top and bottom of the vertical line to a vanishing point to draw an interior wall of the bedroom. When drawing interiors, walls go to opposite corners, which can be confusing for beginners, so pay special attention here. The wall on the left is connected to the vanishing point on the right.
Remember that I’ve color-coded everything here so you can follow along without any problems! The color key is located above. Have you noticed how I’ve drawn the lines that represent the walls in perspective so that they trail off and don’t really end anywhere? This is because you can’t see the beginning of the walls when you’re inside a room.
Let’s turn this empty box into a bedroom! Let’s draw a bed. A bed is nothing more than a box, and we can draw it using our vanishing points. We can start by laying out the frontal plane of the bed.
After that, draw the opposite side of the bed.
Finally, draw the top of the bed with your pencil and ruler. Don’t guess at the angles; use the vanishing points when drawing your 2 point perspective bedroom! Yep, it’s just a box! (btw… you can add hand drawn details later such as pillows, sheets, and so on.)
You should clean up the drawing by erasing the portions of the wall that will be blocked by the bed.
To get into your bedroom perspective drawing, you’ll need a doorway, so let’s add one now!
You can even use one of the vanishing points to make the door appear to be open, which is pretty cool.
A bedroom isn’t complete without a window, so make sure you’re still using vanishing points. Here’s an example…
Finally, you can delete any extra lines that you used during the window’s creation.
Consider adding some cool posters to your bedroom wall. Keep in mind that everything in a perspective drawing has a very controlled presentation; you can choose the size and placement of the poster, but it must be drawn to one of the vanishing points. Now it’s your turn to add more elements to your bedroom drawing using the two point perspective method.
Checking Your Drawing
Once you get the hang of it, evaluating linear perspective drawings with two vanishing points is fairly simple. You’re drawing according to a set of rules that state that anything that is part of the box-like structure must be one of only three line types: A perspective line meeting at vanishing point #1A perspective line meeting at vanishing point #2A vertical line This is why a person with gr.
I can’t stress enough how important it is to get a formal education in perspective drawing. Once you understand the basic rules for drawing 3D space on a 2D surface, drawing becomes much easier, and I can tell you from personal experience that drawing becomes more enjoyable as well.
How do you make a two point perspective room?
2pt Perspective Drawing of a Bedroom
- The first step is to draw your horizon line and two vanishing points.
- Next, draw the farthest corner of the bedroom’s interior.
- Connect the top and bottom of the vertical line to a vanishing point to draw an interior wall of the bedroom.
How do you draw two perspectives?
Step One: Draw the horizon line and the vanishing points. Step Two: Draw the object’s corner in between the vanishing points. Step Three: Draw lines from each end of the corner to each of the vanishing points. Step Four: Draw parallel, vertical lines to indicate the object’s end.
What are the 3 types of perspective drawing?
One-point perspective, two-point perspective, and three-point perspective are the most common types of perspective drawings.
How do you draw perspective?
Place your ruler on a vanishing point and draw a light line to the area where you want to put the subject for your drawing, then make 2 or 3 more lines from the same vanishing point, and repeat for the other vanishing point.
What is 4point perspective?
Four-point perspective, also known as infinity point of view, is a curved version of two-point perspective that can represent a 360-degree panorama and even scenes that are impossible to imagine.