Drawing a Landscape Plan, The Base Map
A simple landscape base map, which is an accurate representation of the existing landscape scaled to fit the paper, can be the first step in developing a landscape plan. It provides information such as house dimensions, distance to street, and the location of trees, woods, driveways, and sidewalks.
What to Include
A good base map should show all structures, including sidewalks and driveways, as well as details such as the location of overhead and underground utilities, as well as interesting landscape features like rock outcroppings. The base map is usually drawn after completing a site analysis.
Most beginners prefer to draw landscape plans with a regular pencil and a good eraser. Graph paper helps beginners make accurate measurements and makes it easier to calculate the area of an enclosed space.
Computer Landscape Drawing
Many people dislike hand drawing and believe that computer drafting is easier and more accurate. The best programs are those used by landscape architects and engineers, and they draw using “real” measurements and dimensions. The process of drawing by hand or computer is similar except for how the drawing is drafted.
Most landscape plans are drawn to a scale of 1:10, which makes them easier to read.
Measuring and Mapping
If the house is new, much of the basic information will be found on a property survey or deed. Before locating the house, measure the street and sidewalk in relation to the property lines. If the property is too large to measure, consider mapping just the area chosen for the landscape project. Measure and indicate items such as porches, air conditioning units, steps, and the front door on the drawing.
Copies and Prints
After all of the features have been measured and drawn, the base map can be “cleaned up” with an eraser or liquid paper to remove smudge marks, crooked lines, and other non-essential lines or notes, and then copied onto standard white bond paper.
How do you scale a landscape drawing?
Most landscape plans are drawn to a 1:10 scale, which means that 10 feet on the ground equals 1 inch on paper; for example, a 100-foot driveway would be 10 inches on paper, whereas 100 feet would be 25 inches on paper if drawn to a 1:4 scale. Other popular landscape scales are 1:4, 1:5, 1:8, 1:10, 1:16, and 1:20.
How do I create a landscape plan?
How to Create a Landscape Design
- Create the outline. A landscape plan starts with a broad overview of the project area.
- Add existing features, such as rocks, waterways, buildings, poles, slopes, and so on.
- Create ground cover if necessary.
What is a to scale drawing?
A floor plan is a drawing to scale that depicts the relationships between rooms, spaces, and other physical features at one level of a structure, with accurate sizes reduced or enlarged by a certain amount (called the scale). In architecture and building engineering, a floor plan is a drawing to scale that depicts the relationships between rooms, spaces, and other physical features at one level of a structure, with accurate sizes reduced or enlarged by a certain amount (called the scale).
What is an architect’s scale?
Architect scales, such as 1/4 = 1 -0 (1/48 size) or 1/8 = 1 -0 (1/96 size), are used to measure interior and exterior dimensions such as rooms, walls, doors, windows, and fire protection system details for structures and buildings. Other scale tools include flat scales and rolling scales.
What are the 7 principles of landscape design?
The elements of unity, scale, balance, simplicity, variety, emphasis, and sequence as they apply to line, form, texture, and color are all interconnected in landscape design principles.
What are the five basic landscaping design principles?
The principles are the basic concepts of compositionu2014proportion, order, repetition, and unityu2014that serve as guidelines for arranging or organizing features to create a pleasing or beautiful landscape.
How much should I budget for landscaping?
A general rule of thumb is to spend 10% of your home’s value on landscaping, so if your house is worth $400,000, you should budget $40,000 for landscaping.
What is a 1/20 scale?
What does a 1:20 scale mean? A 1:20 scale represents a subject at a size 20 times smaller than its real-world dimensions. A drawing drawn to a 1:20 scale, for example, would require a lot more intricacies than a 1:50 or 1:100 drawing.
How do you use an architect’s scale?
What is an architect’s scale ruler and how do I use it?
- Find the corresponding scale on your ruler for the architectural drawing you’re reading or creating.
- If you want to measure out a 4-foot wall at a particular scale, simply start at zero and draw to the u201c4u201d mark on that scale.
What does it mean if a scale is 1 96?
A scale expressed as a ratiou20141:50 means that 1cm on the model ship represents 50cm on the full-size ship; a model with an Imperial scale of 1:96 or a Metric scale of 1:100, or an Imperial scale of 1:48 and a metric scale of 1:50, will be very close to being the same size.