How to Draw a Realistic Eye
I’ll show you how to draw eyes without a reference in this tutorial. Eyes are a beautiful subject to draw because they combine a lot of different materials and look like precious gems hidden within our own bodies. They’re also quite challenging to draw, but that doesn’t mean you can’t do it!
What You Will Need
HB pencil 2B pencil 4B pencil 5B pencil 7B or 8B pencil Blending stump Eraser (preferably kneaded) Pencil sharpener HB pencil 2B pencil 4B pencil 5B pencil 7B or 8B pencil
With the HB pencil, draw a rough oval with a thin line that is barely visible.
Make the eyelids by crossing the oval with two curves.
Because the eyelids are thick, rims should be added to them.
Draw the round iris, the middle pupil, a reflection shape, and the corners of the eye.
Don’t forget about the brow, which serves as a frame for the eye. Draw it with straight lines to achieve a natural shape.
Before we shade the eye, we need to figure out its 3D shape, which you can do by drawing directing lines (as described in my tutorial).
Fill the pupil with your softest pencil (7B or 8B will work best) while avoiding the area of reflection; the pupil’s darkness will define the contrast for the rest of the drawing.
Draw fibers coming from the center of the iris all the way around the reflection with the 2B pencil, keeping the pencil slightly tilted to make the lines soft.
Draw a “ring” around the pupil by darkening the iris’ edge.
Darken the edge of the 2B pencil even more, then shade it, drawing more fibers, some darker than others.
Shade all of the iris with the same pencil, drawing a semi-shadow around the ring and small shadows between the fibers.
Make sure the 4B pencil is sharpened before using it to accentuate the shadows you’ve already drawn.
Because the iris is a part of the eyeball, it shouldn’t have a completely sharp edge, so blend it in with the blending stump.
Draw a shadow of the upper eyelid over the iris with the 4B pencil, keeping in mind that the eye isn’t flat, so the shadows must be curved.
Draw the shadow of the eyelashes with the same pencil; it will be the most visible over the reflection area.
Adjust the contrast of the eye with the 5B pencil, darkening the shadows to make the light parts pop.
Draw a subtle shade around the white of the eye with the HB pencil, keeping in mind that the eyeball is roughly a sphere, so the shadows should not be flat.
Soften the shadows with the blending stump, and feel free to blend them even further into the center.
Take the eraser and clean the illuminated area with it; the eye isn’t completely smooth, so breaking the soft shadows with the sharp edges of the eraser strokes will look even better.
Draw the details of the lacrimal caruncle with the HB pencil; this area is wet and shiny, so draw the outline of little highlights.
Shade the area with the 2B pencil, then use the same pencil to draw a subtle shadow under the lower eyelid to separate the eye from the eyelids.
Shade the rims of the eyelids with the HB pencil, keeping in mind the location of the light source!
With the blending stump, blend the shaded area.
Shade the rest of the skin around the eye with the same technique, using a tilted pencil to capture a large area at once and avoid sharp lines.
Add more shadows where needed with the 2B pencil.
Add even darker shadows with the 4B pencil.
Finally, use the 5B pencil to heavily darken the upper eyelid crease.
Draw the direction of the hairs in the brow with the HB pencil.
Draw the hairs one by one with the 2B pencil, noting that their width will vary depending on the scale of your picture. Tilt your pencil if necessary to achieve thick strokes.
Thicken the front lower part of the brow with the 4B pencil.
Before you begin, look in the mirror and try to understand what you see. The eyelashes are curvy, and their shape will be affected by perspective. They go slightly down, right from the rim of the upper eyelid, and then they curve up.
In the same way, make the lower eyelashes.
Eyelashes tend to clump together and form sharp clumps.
Thicken the eyelashes with the 4B pencil, adding more hairs in between (eyelashes don’t grow in one thin row!) and adjust the width to the scale of your picture.
Take the softest pencil you have, make sure it’s sharp, and use it to draw attention to specific areas of the eyelashes.
Look at the picture from a distance and try to see how the shading can be improved, using all of the pencils in the process.
Finally, add small details to make it more realistic, such as thin veins in the eyes and wrinkles here and there; you can make the skin more uneven by crossing it with rows of sharp lines; and if you decide to digitize your drawing to publish it on the Internet, remember to prepare it first: DrawingQuick Tip: Clean Up Your Traditional Drawings in PhotoshopMonika Zagrobelna
But What About the Other Eye?
I’ll let you in on a secret: there should be no “other eye.” When drawing a portrait, draw both eyes at the same time, step by step, so you don’t have to copy one from the other. The good news is that they don’t have to be identicalu2014our faces aren’t perfectly symmetrical!
How do you draw realistic eyes for beginners with a pencil?
What is the best way to draw a realistic eye?
- Start by sketching the shape of the eye with an HB pencil.
- Step 2: Shade the Pupil.
- Step 3: Shade the Iris.
- Step 4: Draw Spokes.
- Step 5: Blend the Iris.
- Step 6: Add Depth.
- Step 7: Shade the Skin.
- Step 8: Draw Eyebrows and Eyelashes.
How do you draw realistic drawings for beginners?
How to Make a More Realistic Drawing
- Know and prepare your art supplies.
- Start with a light initial sketch, concentrating on the largest shapes first.
- Remember, there are no visible lines in realism.
- Create gradual, smooth transitions between your different values.
How do you draw a realistic human?
Drawing Realistic Humans: 7 Tips
- Follow the Line of Action! Constructed poses can often appear stiff.
- Do a Head Count.
- Remember Your Head and Shoulders.
- A Space to Think.
- Get Your Head on Straight… But Not Too Straight.
- Smile From Ear to Ear.
What app do artists use to draw?
Drawing rich and vibrant sketches with vector art is rewarding: they look clean, and the art scales seamlessly no matter what size you work at. Adobe Illustrator Draw Adobe Illustrator drawing apps have become a strong contender in the digital art industry.
Which pencils are best for sketching?
Artists’ Picks for the Best Drawing Pencils
- General Pencil Charcoal Pencils.
- Faber-Castel 110060 Polychromos Colored Pencil Set In Metal Tin.
- Prismacolor Premier Colored Pencils.
- Cretacolor 72 Aqua Monolith Metal Tin Set.
Can you teach yourself to draw?
You can learn to draw as long as you can hold a pencil; even if you lack natural talent, you can learn to draw if you practice frequently; and anyone can learn to draw with enough motivation and dedication if he or she believes in himself or herself.